With many home improvement projects, there is a lot of prep work. Laying new wood flooring is no different.
In this century-old house, we cut off the door jambs, laid down some red rosin paper, and made layout lines for the strips of flooring.
The first rows of unfinished wood flooring are installed with screws, including a perpendicular board at the doorway.
Then flooring boards are stapled down while paying careful attention to staggering the end gaps and many other details.
The first strips of oak flooring were fastened with deck screws sunk into 3/8" holes. We used a plug cutter to make wood plugs from scraps of flooring and glued them in place.
A rented drum sander is run back-and-forth across the floor to smooth out the imperfections. A special disc sander is used to reach the edges.
We carefully removed the dust left over from sanding, then we applied 4 coats of oil-based polyurethane.
A quick summary of the techniques used to prepare the room, do the sanding and apply the polyurethane.
Also, some before-and-after pictures.
Closet door hardware is removed and heat registers are removed. Door casings and baseboard is removed so the sander can get close to the wall.
The Varathane ezV floor sander is an excellent tool to remove the old varnish or urethane.
This time I used a special mop to apply the polyurethane. It's quicker, but a little trickier.
An explanation of how to set up the Varathane ezV rental floor sander, how to install the dust bag and filter, and tips on cleaning the machine before you return it.
The humidity was very high when I applied the first coat of polyurethane. I waited the proper amount of time before applying the second coat, but it wasn't long enough, and the urethane crinkled.
Thanks to the company's advice, I was able to fix the problem with only a modest amount of work.
After I scraped the improperly-cured urethane from the floor, I simply dropped the stuff in the trash can. Big mistake... it heated up and started to smolder.
The tongue-and-groove subfloor is screwed down, high spots are sanded, and a coat of oil-based primer is applied.
After the 3'x5' panels are cut to fit, thinset mortar is applied to the wood subfloor and the backer board is screwed down. Fiberglass mesh tape is applied to the joints.
Hardibacker is a 1/4" thick underlayment for ceramic tile. Being made from cement and wood fibers, it's easy to cut and drive screws through.
Special heating cable is fastened over the tile backer in a serpentine pattern. After the tile is installed, the results are... foot-warming.
After the layout lines are established, the full-size tiles are set in thinset mortar. Then the cut tiles are laid.
Sanded grout is mixed to the proper consistency and plowed into the gaps with a grout float. After drying, the haze is wiped off.
When a new doorway is opened up, some special techniques are needed to join the old floors together.